The United Nations General Assembly on Tuesday adopted its first ever treaty aimed at controlling the trade in conventional weapons, voting it through by a large majority. Member states represented in the UN General Assembly voted by 154 to three, with 23 abstentions, to control a trade worth an estimated SEK451bn a year. The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) prohibits states from exporting conventional weapons in violation of arms embargoes – such as the current EU embargo in force against Syria – or weapons to be used for acts of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes or terrorism. It also requires states to prevent conventional weapons reaching the black market.
The Treaty is unique for many reasons: besides being the first arms treaty of its kind, it also imposes restrictions on buyers with a foul human rights record and acknowledges the link between gender-based violence and international arms trade.
The World Council of Churches, organizers of the Ecumenical Campaign for a Strong and Effective Arms Trade Treaty, also claim the treaty is a milestone.
Over the years, LPI has produced a number of publications on arms treaty, small arms, and light weapons.
Below are links to some of them:
Akatsa-Bukachi, M. (2012 ). Gender and Violence: Small arms – a human security issue . NR
Brune, Peter. (1/2010). The Gothenburg Process: Arms that kill – also when not in use.
Life and Peace Institute. (2010 ). Arms for Sale, At what cost? NR
Ouko, M. O., & Ahere, J. (2012). HAInformation Communication Technology (ICT) in combat of Small Arms and Light Weapons . HAB
Whitehead, D. (2005). Small arms pose big threats . NR