This issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin (HAB) follows from the January-February 2016 issue of the HAB which also focused on countering violent extremism (CVE). In contrast to the earlier issue which concentrated on CVE policies and strategies in the Horn of Africa (Horn), this issue of the HAB focuses on grassroots, community led CVE initiatives. This issue of the HAB also converges with programmatic focus of the Life & Peace Institute programmes both regionally and at the country level in terms of understanding CVE initiatives as they are implemented and assessing their impact. It is increasingly clear that in spite of the proliferation of CVE strategies and programmatic interventions globally and in the Horn, much of the evidentiary basis animating CVE practice is inconclusive at best. It is also increasingly evident that impact assessment of CVE initiatives is still a critical area that deserves urgent attention.