The abundance of weapons perpetuates violence and is a barrier to solving the various problems in the region, this article analyses transfers of major conventional weapons to governments in the Horn of Africa.
No East African nation has ratified the Arms Trade Treaty. Indeed, in the region only Djibouti has signed it. This article demonstrates the strong support of East Africa for the negotiation and adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, and explores the benefits the ATT would bring for East Africa and the Horn.
It is evident that most of the small arms and light weapons (SALW) used in African conflicts are actually brought in through global networks which catalyse already enflamed situations. Although there are many continental and regional agreements on arms in Africa, the globalization of the arms trade will best be controlled through an international treaty, with continental and regional enforcement.
Regional frameworks proved to be inadequate to control illicit arms trade and flows as the trade in arms has transnational characteristics necessitating a framework that engages all international actors without being limited to specific countries/continents. It is this understanding that led to the development of ATT as a means to strengthen previous initiatives.